Stanley S. K. Kwan was born in Hong Kong in 1925 into a
traditional Chinese banking family. He attended King's College until the fall of Hong Kong in
1941 and joined the Chinese army as an interpreter for US forces during the war. From 1962 until
he retired in 1984, he headed the Research Department in Hang Seng Bank. He launched the Hang
Seng Index in 1969, served on the government's Statistics Advisory Board during 1976-84 and was
awarded the Member of the British Empire (MBE) in 1985. He now lives in Toronto, Canada.
Nicole Kwan is the niece of Stanley Kwan. She has a BA degree
from Smith College and MAs from Yale University and the University of Hong Kong. She worked in
international banking for over twenty years while based in Hong Kong.